"SILVER AGE" CITY (TURN-OF-THE-CENTURY ST. PETERSBURG)
period was both brilliant and troublesome. It
started with the splendid coronation of Nicholas
II in Moscow, which ended with the Khodynka
disaster with thousands of casualties. It ended
with the cruelest of wars - WWI. However, in the
In May 1903 St Petersburg celebrated its 200th anniversary. The new Troitski (Trinity) Bridge was officially opened in the royal presence and then a church service took place at Senatskaya square next to the Bronze Horseman, the monument to the founder of the city.
The trouble came in 1905. In January 1905 a peaceful demonstration of workers was fired on by troops at the Palace Square. This led to public outrage and the start of the 1905-07 Revolution. The events of January 9, 1905 became known as "Bloody Sunday". On October 17, 1905 Nicholas II had to issue a manifesto proclaiming a number of civil rights and instituting a new parliament, consisting of the Duma and the reformed State Council.
opening of the Duma in 1906 gave fresh grounds
for hope to thousands of liberals in the
intelligentsia. The district where the Duma was
located soon became one of the most popular
residential areas. However, the hope was short
lived. The government curtailed many of the
freedoms and blocked many of the Duma's
initiatives. In the end, when the hardships of
WWI had helped to evaporate public patience, the
With a population of 2 million people, the modern metropolis - St. Petersburg - was about to face new challenges, but WWI changed all the plans.
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